- The results of the Excel Center study show the program significantly improves labor market outcomes. Those who earned their Core-40 High School diploma from the Excel Center were 22 percentage points more likely to be employed in the formal sector than those who applied but never enrolled and those who enrolled at the Excel Center but did not complete the program.
- Excel Center graduates saw a 35% increase in their earnings 4 years after applying to the Excel Center.
- Graduates were also 20 percentage points more likely to enroll in college or a post-secondary professional certificate program.
The Goodwill Excel Center of Central and Southern Indiana operates 15 tuition-free, public charter high schools that support adult learners in completing their state-certified high school diploma. The Excel Center provides small classes on a flexible schedule, assistance with transportation, on-site childcare, and life coaching to help students navigate challenges, develop skills, and plan for their future.
To evaluate the impact of the Excel Center on degree completion, labor market and other outcomes, LEO researchers analyzed data for 10,114 people who had applied to the Excel Center between January 2013 and September 2015. 1,402 of these applicants enrolled and completed the Excel Center program, earning their diploma. 3,596 applicants never enrolled, and the final 5,116 applicants enrolled but did not complete the program.
The researchers linked Excel Center application records with education and labor market data from the Indiana Management Performance Hub. LEO also used earnings and employment data for the five-year period following the students’ application to the Excel Center to analyze changes in earnings over time.
What We Learned
The results of the Excel Center of Central and Southern Indiana study suggest that graduates make more money, work in higher opportunity jobs, and are enrolled in college more than their peers. Graduates were 22 percentage points more likely to be employed in the formal labor sector. Additionally, they saw a 35% increase in their earnings in the 4-year period following their application to the Excel Center--$9,644 average annual income as compared to $7,104 average annual income for applicants who did not enroll in the Excel Center or who enrolled but did not complete the program. All graduates--regardless of race, gender, or demographics--experienced similar earnings outcomes.
Importantly, data from the Excel Center indicates that graduating with a high school diploma helps adults develop skills that they would not have acquired in a traditional General Equivalency Degree (GED) program. The study data shows that graduates of the Excel Center, unlike their peers, tend to switch career industries after graduating—suggesting that the new skills they learned open avenues to new types of jobs. Researchers found that graduates of the program were two times more likely to be employed in the health sector than individuals who enrolled in the program but dropped out. Additionally, research shows that Excel Center graduates were 20 percentage points more likely to go on to enroll in college or a post-secondary professional certificate program.
Where We’re Going
Additional questions emerged during the Excel Center of Central and Southern Indiana study, particularly around completion rates. Despite the high returns that come from graduating from the Excel Center, most students who begin the program never finish—completion rate is only 28%. This may be due in part to low perceived returns to education or challenges adult students experience with juggling school, work, family, and other obligations.
To gain a better understanding of what helps students persist through the program, LEO is conducting a randomized controlled trial (RCT) study of the program offered by the Excel Center of Central Texas. Researchers will compare outcomes for students who receive encouragement and motivational messages via a text message system with outcomes for students who meet regularly with a career and college readiness coach.
LEO is also conducting a third RCT study in partnership with the Excel Center – Memphis to learn more about the effects of earning a high school diploma on labor market outcomes.
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